Online Resources

Resources by Time Period

General Resources

CCSU Library: Search for books in the library system as well as other library services

America: History and Life: Index to scholarly articles in American history. [CCSU users only]

JSTOR: Collection of full-text journals in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Includes 40 history journals from their first issue up to 5 years ago [CCSU users only]

Historical Statistics of the United States: The standard source for the quantitative facts of American history. Topics ranging from migration and health to crime and the Confederate States of America are each placed in historical context by a recognized expert in the field. This fully searchable electronic edition allows users to graph individual tables and create customized tables [CCSU users only]

The American Presidency Project includes the public papers of presidents from George Washington to George W. Bush (it does not cover the years 1914-1928). Search documents including public speeches, executive orders, and press conferences; listen to audio files; see election and other data.

History Matters' guide to the most useful websites on U.S. history, with website reviews. The best place to start looking for quality history sites. The History Matters site also contains primary sources , student projects, interviews with historians, and guides to working with different types of sources

American Memory: The Library of Congress' huge collection of digitized materials. Includes 9 million items organized into 100 thematic collections. Browse by topic, time period, region, or type of source material.

Authentic History: Collection of images and audio files related to different periods of American history. (There is no attribution or description of many of the items, so you may need to identify them before using.)

Center for History and New Media: links to National History Education Clearinghouse, History Matters, World History Matters, Historical Thinking Matters, teaching modules, and more

Digital Gallery of the New York Public Library: Over 600,000 images digitized from primary sources in the library's collections, including posters, maps, photographs, books, etc.

Lesson plans:

Edsitement: The National Endowment for the Humanities list of recommended websites for history and social studies

Teaching With Documents: The National Archives' collection of lesson plans based around sets of primary documents, organized by period of U.S. history. Includes "analysis worksheets" on different types of sources: cartoons, artifacts, maps, sound, etc.

Library of Congress Learning Page: Collection of lesson plans organized by time period and theme. See also the features and activities page.

Digital History: Includes primary documents, classroom activities, an interactive textbook, music, background guides, online exhibits, and more - organized by periods of U.S. history.

Digital History Reader: Ten primary source modules on different aspects of U.S. history, from the colonial era to the present. Each module is based on an analytical question, and includes a collection of relevant primary sources, introduction/context, suggested assignments, and additional resources.

Voices Across Time: American History through Music includes songs for nine different periods of U.S. history, organized by themes, with suggested activities and links to lyrics and recordings when available.

Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History: includes many resources for teachers and students, including modules on major topics and periods in U.S. history.

Connecticut History on the Web: A very useful collection of primary sources and classroom activities connecting Connecticut examples to different eras and themes in American history.

Historic Maps in K-12 Classrooms : six units covering different themes and periods of U.S. history

Teaching with Historic Places: National Register of Historic Places' lesson plans centered on various historic sites. Search by state, theme, or period.

Photographs and maps:

Associated Press Photo Archive: Search a million photographs by subject, date, and location.

Connecticut History Online: digital database of 14,000 images from the 19th and early 20th century.

Historic USGS Maps of New England , 1890s-1950

Sanborn Maps : Sanborn fire insurance maps are valuable historical tools .The collection of digitized maps covers 1867-1970 for CT cities and towns., though coverage varies by town. [CCSU users]


Hartford Courant Historical : Full images of the complete Hartford Courant from 1764-1976. Contains full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue. [CCSU users only]

New York Times Historical: Full images of the complete New York Times from 1851 to 2002. Search by keyword, by date, etc. Images of specific articles and full pages available. [CCSU users only]

American Periodical Series: a collection of 1,100 periodicals that began publishing between 1740 and 1900, including special interest and general magazines, literary and professional journals, and children's and women's magazines. Each journal is indexed in its entirely and includes full page images. [CCSU users only]

Readers Guide Retrospective: Search popular periodicals covered in the Readers' Guide from 1890-1982 [CCSU users only]

Interactive Constitution: Text and commentary for each section of the Constitution; search the text by keywords and Supreme Court cases, read discussion of 300 topics, from abortion to censorship to war powers. Also see other resources from the National Constitution Center

American Rhetoric: Collection of speeches and public addresses, the top 100 political speeches, and more.

African-American Odyssey: Library of Congress web exhibit on African-American history, contains many primary sources relevant to different periods

Documenting the American South: Extensive collection of digitized materials (texts, images, audio) related to southern history, literature, and culture, from the University of North Carolina.

Women and Social Movements: includes 74 document projects about women and social movements in the U.S., with 2,200 documents, 29,000 pages of additional full-text documents, and 1,600 primary authors.

Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame: Information about women reformers, artists, political leaders, scientists, and educators, from the early 1800s to the present. Site includes curriculum guide and documents.

Oral History Online: provides in-depth indexing to more than 2,500 collections of Oral History in English from around the world. Some interview transcripts are available.

Famous Trials: resources related to famous trials in American history, from the Salem witchcraft trials to Bill Clinton’s impeachment hearings.

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Designed to help teach about significant Supreme Court cases; includes essays, political cartoons, oral testimony, and classroom activities.

Avalon Project at Yale Law School includes documents focusing on law and diplomacy, from 18-21st centuries

Hartford Studies Project at Trinity College: Includes primary documents, bibliography, and research papers on different aspects of local history

Hartford Black History Project: Online exhibit narrative with some images of documents and photographs.

Early America

Jamestown Journey: Commemorating the 400th anniversary of the Jamestown settlement, this site offers more than 170 free lesson plans and supporting materials, including a civics curriculum covering such topics as representative government, free enterprise, the rule of law, and cultural diversity.

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636-1776

America's Historical Newspapers: Contains the full-text of hundreds of historic newspapers listed in Clarence Brigham's authoritative bibliography and in additional subsequent bibliographies. Includes: Early American Newspapers, Series 1 (1690-1876).[CCSU users only]

Early American Imprints: Full-text collection of books, pamphlets, broadsides, newspapers, government documents and ephemera printed in America from 1639-1800. [CCSU users only]

Salem Witch Trials: Documentary Archive and Transcription Project

Revolution to Constitution

American Revolution Digital Learning Project: documents, artifacts, games, create your own exhibit, and more from the NY Historical Society

Silas Deane Online: the Curious Life and Death of an American Revolutionary

Antebellum to Civil War

American Periodicals Series: APS is a collection of 1,100 periodicals that began publishing between 1740 and 1900, including special interest and general magazines, literary and professional journals, and children's and women's magazines. [CCSU users only]

Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology through American History. Three curriculum units from the Smithsonian, linking the history of textiles to broader issues in U.S. history.

History Learning Lab: Old Sturbridge Village's databases of artifacts, images, and documents related to life in New England between 1790 and 1840. Curriculum plans using primary sources are available for different grade levels on family, schooling, antislavery, technology, and town government.

Lowell's Tsongas Industrial History Center: Classroom activities to learn about industrialization, cotton mills, immigration, and work patterns.

North American Slave Narratives: digitized all existing narratives by fugitive or former slaves published before 1920

Exploring Amistad: Mystic Seaport's site includes over 500 primary documents including court documents, journal entries, and newspaper stories, as well as curriculum ideas and bibliography. See also Amistad: Seeking Freedom in Connecticut: A National Park Service site highlighting historic sites related to the Amistad case

Complicity: The Hartford Courant's special reporting on the history of slavery in Connecticut

Women's History Workshop: Primary sources for the classroom on 19th-century women, especially on the early women's rights movement.

HarpWeek: Digitized materials from Harper's Weekly including political cartoons, articles; lessons and classroom simulations on end of slavery, black voting rights, the Civil War, the impeachment of Andrew Johnson, elections; business machines, and other topics.

Valley of the Shadow: Thousands of sources allow visitors to explore two communities, one Northern and one Southern, in the years leading up to and through the Civil War.

Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress, including special sections on the Emancipation Proclamation and Lincoln's assassination.

Abraham Lincoln Newspaper Archive: Search newspaper articles about Abraham Lincoln in more than 25,000 historical newspaper pages.

Reconstruction to WWI

Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: explores how Adeline Hornbek, single mother of four, defied traditional gender roles to become the owner of a successful ranch in Colorado.

After Reconstruction: Problems of African-Americans in the South (Library of Congress Learning Page)

Alexander Graham Bell's Patent for the Telephone and Thomas Edison's Patent for the Electric Lamp (National Archives Teaching With Documents Lesson)

Emergence of Advertising, 1850-1920: Database of early advertising in America, including broadsides, postcards, tobacco and household items ads.

1896: A Website of Political Cartoons

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire: contains wide variety of documents as well as narrative , illustrations, and other resources

Twentieth Century

Ad Access: images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955.

Prelinger Film Archive: Thousands of ephemeral films and commercials from the 1920s-1980s

Veterans' History Project: First-hand accounts of U.S. Veterans from World War I to the present. The collection includes correspondence, visual material, and interviews.

“Every Picture Tells a Story:  Documentary Photography and the Great Depression”

Powers of Persuasion: WWII Posters from the National Archives

After the Day of Infamy: "Man on the Street" Interviews Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor (American Memory)

The Cold War Files

Turning Points: Cuban Missile Crisis

Teaching Brown v. Board of Education

Mississippi Freedom Movement: Well-presented documents from Tougaloo College Archives and background information on voter registration, white resistance, Head Start, and Black Power.

Civil Rights Documentation Project : 125 oral histories on the civil rights movement in Mississippi

Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project: photographs, oral histories, short films, lesson plans and background material about civil rights activism in this multiethnic northwest city.

The Wars for Vietnam, 1945-1975

The Sixties Project includes primary documents pertaining to the social movements of that era, as well as several online exhibits

Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement