Historical Scene Investigations

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Was life in colonial times a simple progression from child to young adult to adult? Who were the colonists? What were their roles and responsibilities?

The Case

In the following investigation students will have a chance to investigate, interpret, and reveal the life of a colonial person responsible for building our nation.

Who were the colonists? What were their roles and responsibilities? In the following investigation students will be able to trace the history/origins of these individuals. They will interpret, through examining and analyzing literature and historical documents from multiple perspectives, how these individuals and their ideas influenced the formation of our country.

Student Book(s) Connection:

Mentor Texts:

Nathan Hale: Revolutionary Spy, by Nathan Olsen
Nathan Hale: Patriot Spy, by Shannon Zemlicka

Becoming a Detective:

  • Students will use two resources on the same historical figure and complete an FQR (Appendix A, Table 1) to familiaraize themselves with the person.
  • As introduced by the teacher, students will complete a web to organize their facts (Appendix A, Table 2).
  • Students will complete a RAFT project (Appendix A, Tables 3 and 4)
  • Students will complete and perform a historical interpretation on the famous person they researched. (Appendix A, Table 5).

Differentation

  • Various leveled texts
  • Hands on materials that bring the abstract to concrete level
  • Use of graphic organizers to help student thinking

Investigating the Evidence:  

Step 1: Pick a historical figure

  • Choose your historical figure
  • Pick a real person
  • Find at least two sources

Step 2: Learn the facts about the character

  • Learn and record important and or interesting details about the person and record it on the biography outline provided on page 5 of this packet

Record title and author for books on page 6 and provide copy of web pages

Step 3: Focus on the details

  • Look at any picture you have or can find to add to the information you have gathered
  • How many children are in the person’s family? 
  • How things are made and /or done: where do you get clothing, food, tools, furniture
  • Occupations: jobs, chores
  • Recreation: hobbies, play and games
  • City, Town, Farm: Where does the character live?
  • Dwelling: What is it like inside and outside?
  • Family: How many children in the character's family? What kind of punishment is there?
  • Education: Does it vary by men and women and boys and irls?
  • Health:
  • Voting and Blue Laws

To Learn More: 

These are resources that will help students gather additional information when appropriate. They include possible field trips, video segments, sound clips, and interactive activities.

Stanley Whitman House, Farmington, CT
http://www.stanleywhitman.org/

Old Sturbridge Village
www.osv.org

Colonial Williamsburg
http://www.history.org/

Plimoth Plantation
http://www.plimoth.org/

American Centuries Deerfield
http://www.americancenturies.mass.edu/

Historic Deerfield
http://www.historic-deerfield.org/

Courtesy of Plimoth Plantation, Inc. Plymouth, MA.
http://plimoth.org/kids/stories.php

-vocabulary from colonial times
http://plimoth.org/kids/talk.php

-language from colonial times
http://plimoth.org/kids/make.php

-games/activities from colonial times-Wampanoag
http://plimoth.org/kids/recipes.php

-Wampanoag : English Colonists’ recipes
http://plimoth.org/kids/homeworkHelp/

The following is available on this website:

-WHO WERE THE PILGRIMS --Did you know that the "Pilgrims" weren't really pilgrims at all?

-WHO ARE THE WAMPANOAG --Learn more about the "People of the First Light."

- THE MAYFLOWER --Discover more about the ship, the people, and the journey.

-THANKSGIVING --The history goes much further back than Plymouth and 1621.

- GROWING FOOD --What it meant to the Wampanoag and the English Colonists.

-BUILDING A HOME --Two very different approaches to building a home.

-WHAT TO WEAR --Articles on Wampanoag and Colonial clothing.

-PLAYING AND LEARNING --Through games we still play today, important skills were developed.

-WHAT'S FOR DINNER --What the Colonists and Wampanoag thought fit to eat and drink.

-ANIMALS --The Wampanoag and Colonial views on animals and their purpose.

-A CHILD'S ROLE --The important place of children in both cultures.

-SARAH MORTON --There were many other days in her life than in the book Sarah Morton's Day.

-VOCABULARY WORDS --Definitions to common words and terms used in 17th-Century Plymouth.
http://library.thinkquest.org/J002611F/

-Colonial Kids: A Celebration of Life in the 1700's
http://www.noahwebsterhouse.org/lifein1770.html

-Connecticut Life in the 1770s
http://www.hfmgv.org/exhibits/smartfun/colonial/intro/index.html

-Be a history detective. Go back in time and investigate the daily lives of the Daggetts, a colonial family from northeastern Connecticut. Collect clues to uncover answers to 7 questions about colonial life in the 1700s. Then prove your skills as a history detective by discovering "What's wrong with this picture?"

-includes real newspaper articles
-map of Connecticut from 1766

-colonial Connecticut images (primary sources)
http://www.richmondancestry.org/colonial.shtml
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson_images/lesson411/HistorianWorksheet.pdf
http://americanhistory.si.edu/kids/springer/00qprint.htm   questions for young historians
http://americanhistory.si.edu/kids/springer/00clues.htm  clues for the mystery kids have to solve
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MAP/TERRITORY/1775map.html
http://www.stratfordhall.org/learn/teacher/education.php  colonial school in VA
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1990/5/90.05.04.x.html   comparing colonial life to today
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1294965/posts  primary documents

The Evidence:


Letter
In character, write a friendly letter to a family member discussing a turning point event. Abigail Adams' letter to husband, John Adams
http://www.masshist.org/digitialadams/aea/cfm/doc.cfm?id=L17640407aa

Journal
In character, write a journal entry recording your conflicted reactions to a life event. Moss, M. Emma's Jounral. Sandpiper, 2001. Print

Article
In the voice of a period reporter, write an article about your historical figure's life describing an event and the impact on the time period. Boston Massacre article
http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre/masscretext.htm
Poem Write a poem about an important event or events in your historical figure's life. Longfellow, H.W. and Ted Rand. Paul Revere's Ride. Puffin, 1996. Print
Song Write the lyrics to a song about your historical figure. Bangs, E. Steven Kellogg's Yankee Doodle. Parent's Magazine Press, 1976. Print
Obituary
Write an obituary chronicling the life events of your historical figure. John Adams' Obituary
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/obits/adamsj.html
Comic Strip Create a comic strip that illustrates a significant event in your historical figure's life along with the reactions of the people involved. Olson, N. Nathan Hale: Revolutionary Spy. Capstone Press, 2002. Print

Bibliography:

Adler, D. B. Franklin, Printer. Holiday House, 2001. Print
Aller, S.B. Anne Hutchinson. Lerner, 2010. Print
Allison, A. Roger Williams: Founder of Rhode Island. Chelsea, 2001. Print
Avi. Finding Providence: The Story of Roger Williams. Harper Collins, 1997. Print
Bailey, C. S. Boys and Girls of Colonial Days. Yesterday’s Classics, 2008. Print
Bangs, E. Steven Kellogg’s Yankee Doodle. Parent’s Magazine Press, 1976. Print
Beier, A. Crispus Attucks: Hero of the Boston Massacre. Rosen, 2004. Print
Blackburn, J. The Bloody Summer of Seventeen Forty Two: A Colonial Boys Journal. Ford Federica Association, 1985. Print
Burgan, M. Benedict Arnold: American Hero and Traitor. Capstone, 2007. Print
Burke, R. Deborah Sampson: American Lives. Heinemann-Raintree, 2003. Print
Calkhoven, L. Boys of War: Daniel at the Siege of Boston, 1776. Puffin, 2011. Print
Calkhoven, L. George Washington: An American Life. Sterling, 2006. Print
Clark, B. Anne Hutchinson: Religious Leader. Chelsea, 2000. Print
Dacquinto, V.T. Sybil Ludington: Discovering the Life of a Revolutionary War Hero. Purple Mountain Press, 2008. Pamphlet
Doeden, M. Samuel Adams: Patriot and Statesman. Capstone, 2007. Print
Eaton, J. Lone Journey: The Life of Roger Williams. Harcourt, 1966. Print
Edwards, R. Who Was George Washington? Grosset & Dunlap, 2009. Print
Forbes, E. Paul Revere and the World He Lived In. Mariner, 1999. Print
**Fresch, E. Connecting Children with Children Past and Present: Motivating Students for Inquiry and Action. Library of Congress, 2004. Print
Fritz, J. And Then What Happened, Paul Revere? Puffin, 1996. Print
Fritz, J. Traitor, The Case of Benedict Arnold. Puffin, 1997. Print
Fritz, J. Why Don’t You Get a Horse, Sam Adams? Puffin, 1996. Print
Giblin, J.C. The Amazing Life of Benjamin Franklin. Scholastic, 2000. Print
Giblin, J.C. The Many Rides of Paul Revere. Scholastic, 2007. Print
Giblin, J.C. Thomas Jefferson: A Picture Book Biography. Scholastic, 2006. Print
Gregory, K. Dear America: Cannons at Dawn. Scholastic, 2011. Print
Gregory, K. Dear America: The Winter of Red Snow. Scholastic, 2010. Print
Gregory, K. Five Smooth Stones: Hope’s Revolutionary War Diary (My America). Scholastic, 2002. Print
Gregson, S.R. Benedict Arnold: Let Freedom Ring. Capstone, 2006. Print
Harness, C. George Washington. National Geographic, 2000. Print
Hermes, P. My America: Our Strange New Land, Elizabeth’s Jamestown Colony Diary. Scholastic, 2002. Print
Kirkpatrick, K. Redcoats and Petticoats. Scholastic, 2000. Print
Lasky, K. Dear America: A Journey to the New World. Scholastic, 2010. Print
Longfellow, H.W. and Ted Rand. Paul Revere’s Ride. Puffin, 1996. Print
Mattern, J. The Cost of Freedom: Crispus Attucks and the Boston Massacre. Rosen, 2003. Print
McGovern, A. The Secret Soldier: The Story of Deborah Sampson. Scholastic, 1990. Print
Millender, D. H. Crispus Attucks: Black Leader of Colonial Patriots. Aladdin, 1986. Print
Miller, J. The Revolutionary Paul Revere. Thomas Nelson, 2010. Print
Monsell, H.A. Thomas Jefferson: Third President of the United States. Aladdin, 1989. Print
Moss, M. Emma’s Journal. Sandpiper, 2001. Print
Olson, N. Nathan Hale: Revolutionary Spy. Capstone Press, 2002. Print
Orr, R. Time for Kids: Abigail Adams: Eyewitness to America’s Birth. Collins, 2009. Print
Pinkney, A.D. Dear Benjamin Banneker. Sandpiper, 1998. Print
Rockwell, A. They Called Her Molly Pitcher. Dragonfly, 2006. Print
Schanzer, R. George vs. George: The Revolutionary War as Seen by Both Sides. National Geographic, 2004. Print
Schick, A. The Remarkable Ride of Israel Bissell. Lippincott, 1976. Print
**Schur, J. B. Eyewitness to the Past: Strategies for Teaching American History in Grades 5-12. Stenhouse, 2007. Print
Sloane, E. Diary of an Early American Boy: Noah Blake 1805. Dover, 2004. Print
Stevenson, A. Benjamin Franklin: Young Printer. Aladdin, 1986. Print
Stevenson, A. George Washington. Young Leader. Aladdin, 1986. Print
Stevenson, A. Molly Pitcher: Young Patriot (Childhood of Famous Americans). Aladdin, 1996. Print
Sullivan, G. Paul Revere (In Their Own Words). Scholastic, 2000 Print
Thomas, P. Farmer George Plants a Nation. Calkins, 2008. Print
Turner, A. Katie’s Trunk. Aladdin, 1997. Print
Venezia, M. Benjamin Franklin: Electrified the World with New Ideas. Scholastic, 2010. Print
Wade, M.D. Benedict Arnold. Franklin Watts, 1994. Print
Wadsworth, G. Benjamin Banneker: Pioneering Scientist. Lerner, 2002. Print
Wagoner, J.B. Abigail Adams: Girl of Colonial Days. Aladdin, 1992. Print
Winnick, K. Sybil’s Night Ride. Boyds Mills Press, 2009. Print
Winters, Kay. Colonial Voices. Dutton Childrens Books, 2008. Print
Wister, S. A Colonial Quaker Girl: The Diary of Sally Wister, 1777-1778. Capstone Press, 2000. Print
Zemlicka, S. Nathan Hale: Patriot Spy. Perfection Learning, 2002. Print

**Teacher resources

Additional References:
Walter Woodward Connecticut State Historian

The Tremendous Ride of Post Rider, Israel Bissell:
http://www.lrgaf.org/journeys/bissell.htm

Israel Bissell in Verse and Song
http://hinsdale-mass.org/code/html/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&t=67

Israel Bissell’s Ride
http://mrkash.com/israelbissell.html
http://www.bayequest.info/unbridled/unbridlednews-revere.htm

Connecticut Historical Society
http://www.chs.org/

Ben Franklin’s Pennsylvania Gazette
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/past/past.html

Abigail Adams’ letter to husband, John Adams
http://www.masshist.org/digitaladams/aea/cfm/doc.cfm?id=L17640407aa

Appendix E:

Roger Williams
Allison, A. Roger Williams: Founder of Rhode Island. Chelsea, 2001. Print
Avi. Finding Providence: The Story of Roger Williams. Harper Collins, 1997. Print
Eaton, J. Lone Journey: The Life of Roger Williams. Harcourt, 1966. Print

Sybil Ludington
Dacquinto, V.T. Sybil Ludington: Discovering the Life of a Revolutionary War Hero. Purple Mountain Press, 2008. Pamphlet
Winnick, K. Sybil’s Night Ride. Boyds Mills Press, 2009. Print

Paul Revere
Forbes, E. Paul Revere and the World He Lived In. Mariner, 1999. Print
Fritz, J. And Then What Happened, Paul Revere? Puffin, 1996. Print
Giblin, J.C. The Many Rides of Paul Revere. Scholastic, 2007. Print
Miller, J. The Revolutionary Paul Revere. Thomas Nelson, 2010. Print
Sullivan, G. Paul Revere (In Their Own Words). Scholastic, 2000 Print

Samuel Adams
Doeden, M. Samuel Adams: Patriot and Statesman. Capstone, 2007. Print
Fritz, J. Why Don’t You Get a Horse, Sam Adams? Puffin, 1996. Print

Thomas Jefferson
Giblin, J.C. Thomas Jefferson: A Picture Book Biography. Scholastic, 2006. Print
Monsell, H.A. Thomas Jefferson: Third President of the United States. Aladdin, 1989. Print

Benjamin Banneker
Pinkney, A.D. Dear Benjamin Banneker. Sandpiper, 1998. Print
Wadsworth, G. Benjamin Banneker: Pioneering Scientist. Lerner, 2002. Print

Israel Bissell
Schick, A. The Remarkable Ride of Israel Bissell. Lippincott, 1976. Print
The Tremendous Ride of Post Rider, Israel Bissell:
http://www.lrgaf.org/journeys/bissell.htm
Israel Bissell in Verse and Song
http://hinsdale-mass.org/code/html/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&t=67
Israel Bissell’s Ride
http://mrkash.com/israelbissell.html
http://www.bayequest.info/unbridled/unbridlednews-revere.htm

Benjamin Franklin
Adler, D. B. Franklin, Printer. Holiday House, 2001. Print
Giblin, J.C. The Amazing Life of Benjamin Franklin. Scholastic, 2000. Print
Stevenson, A. Benjamin Franklin: Young Printer. Aladdin, 1986. Print
Venezia, M. Benjamin Franklin: Electrified the World with New Ideas. Scholastic, 2010. Prirnt

George Washington
Calkhoven, L. George Washington: An American Life. Sterling, 2006. Print
Edwards, R. Who Was George Washington? Grosset & Dunlap, 2009. Print
Harness, C. George Washington. National Geographic, 2000. Print
Stevenson, A. George Washington. Young Leader. Aladdin, 1986. Print
Thomas, P. Farmer George Plants a Nation. Calkins, 2008. Print

Abigail Adams
Orr, R. Time for Kids: Abigail Adams: Eyewitness to America’s Birth. Collins, 2009. Print
Wagoner, J.B. Abigail Adams: Girl of Colonial Days. Aladdin, 1992. Print

Benedict Arnold
Burgan, M. Benedict Arnold: American Hero and Traitor. Capstone, 2007. Print
Fritz, J. Traitor, The Case of Benedict Arnold. Puffin, 1997. Print
Gregson, S.R. Benedict Arnold: Let Freedom Ring. Capstone, 2006. Print
Wade, M.D. Benedict Arnold. Franklin Watts, 1994. Print

Deborah Sampson
Burke, R. Deborah Sampson: American Lives. Heinemann-Raintree, 2003. Print
McGovern, A. The Secret Soldier: The Story of Deborah Sampson. Scholastic, 1990. Print

Ann Hutchinson
Aller, S.B. Anne Hutchinson. Lerner, 2010. Print
Clark, B. Anne Hutchinson: Religious Leader. Chelsea, 2000. Print

Crispus Attucks
Beier, A. Crispus Attucks: Hero of the Boston Massacre. Rosen, 2004. Print
Mattern, J. The Cost of Freedom: Crispus Attucks and the Boston Massacre. Rosen, 2003. Print
Millender, D. H. Crispus Attucks: Black Leader of Colonial Patriots. Aladdin, 1986. Print

Case File:

Appendix A

Table 1 (Fact, Question, Response)
Table 2 (Sample Web)
Table 3 (RAFT Worksheet)
Table 4 (RAFT Worksheet Samples)


 

 

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